G C Lichtenberg: “It is as if our languages were confounded: when we want a thought, they bring us a word; when we ask for a word, they give us a dash; and when we expect a dash, there comes a piece of bawdy.”

H. P. Lovecraft: "What a man does for pay is of little significance. What he is, as a sensitive instrument responsive to the world's beauty, is everything!"

Martin Amis: “Gogol is funny, Tolstoy in his merciless clarity is funny, and Dostoyevsky, funnily enough, is very funny indeed; moreover, the final generation of Russian literature, before it was destroyed by Lenin and Stalin, remained emphatically comic — Bunin, Bely, Bulgakov, Zamyatin. The novel is comic because life is comic (until the inevitable tragedy of the fifth act);...”

Werner Herzog: “We are surrounded by worn-out, banal, useless and exhausted images, limping and dragging themselves behind the rest of our cultural evolution.”

John Gray: "Unlike Schopenhauer, who lamented the human lot, Leopardi believed that the best response to life is laughter. What fascinated Schopenhauer, along with many later writers, was Leopardi’s insistence that illusion is necessary to human happiness."

Justin E.H. Smith: “One should of course take seriously serious efforts to improve society. But when these efforts fail, in whole or in part, it is only humor that offers redemption. So far, human expectations have always been strained, and have always come, give or take a bit, to nothing. In this respect reality itself has the form of a joke, and humor the force of truth.”

विलास सारंग: "… . . 1000 नंतर ज्या प्रकारची संस्कृती रुढ झाली , त्यामध्ये साधारणत्व विश्वात्मकता हे गुण प्राय: लुप्त झाले...आपली संस्कृती अकाली विश्वात्मक साधारणतेला मुकली आहे."

Wednesday, September 05, 2012

Is Toska = 'Zapurza' (झपुर्झा)?

Today I read here about word Toska.

Vladimir Nabokov, cited in A Field Guide to Melancholy by Jacky Bowring:

"Toska - noun /ˈtō-skə/ - Russian word roughly translated as sadness, melancholia, lugubriousness.

No single word in English renders all the shades of toska. At its deepest and most painful, it is a sensation of great spiritual anguish, often without any specific cause. At less morbid levels it is a dull ache of the soul, a longing with nothing to long for, a sick pining, a vague restlessness, mental throes, yearning. In particular cases it may be the desire for somebody of something specific, nostalgia, love-sickness. At the lowest level it grades into ennui, boredom."

Is there a single Marathi word for this?

Probably yes, Keshavsut (केशवसुत) invented word : Zapurza (झपुर्झा) from his poem of the same title:

हर्षखेद ते मावळते,
हास्य निवालें
अश्रु पळाले;
कण्टकशल्यें बोंथटलीं,
मखमालीची लव वठली;
कांही न दिसे दृष्टीला,
प्रकाश गेला,
तिमिर हरपला;
काय म्हणावें या स्थितिला ?-
झपूर्झा ! गडे झपूर्झा ! १

हर्षशोक हे ज्यां सगळें,
त्यां काय कळे ?
त्यां काय वळे ?
हंसतिल जरि ते आम्हांला,
भय न धरुं हें वदण्याला :-
व्यर्थीं अधिकची अर्थ वसे,
तो त्यांस दिसे,
ज्यां म्हणति पिसे,
त्या अर्थाचे बोल कसे?-
झपूर्झा ! गडे झपूर्झा ! २

(मुंबई, २ जुलै १८९३)

(करमणूक, २९ जुलै १८९३, पृ. ३१६)

courtesy this excellent website dedicated to Keshavsut.